Patrick Dwyer of Merrill Lynch: What Are the Types of Learning Styles?
When it comes to learning, traditional learning systems have grossly emphasized rote learning and memorization, inevitably forcing students to abandon the learning style that best fits them. Patrick Dwyer of Merrill Lynch believes that education must be progressive; it must shift from teacher-centered methods to student-centered approaches. Rote learning is, in fact, not considered a learning style, but more of a technique. Patrick Dwyer of Merrill Lynch shares the seven different types of learning styles:
1. Verbal – Students who have a verbal or linguistic learning style are comfortable with words. They rarely struggle to understand verbal instructions and may even enjoy written activities. These students may also enjoy speaking in front of the class or giving presentations, given their ease with words.
2. Visual – The visual learner prefers to use pictures or images to absorb concepts and information. Generally, they have excellent spatial understanding. While there are limitations to the use of visual elements in the classroom, Patrick Dwyer of Merrill Lynch says that teachers can still find a workaround by utilizing visual cues for students.
3. Aural – The next learning style has to do with sound or music. The aural learner can not only maximize the use of audiobooks but also use their own voice as a learning tool. It seems difficult to put an aural experience to every lesson, but Patrick Dwyer of Merrill Lynch shares that aural students can be engaged through simple ways such as recording and playing back lectures.
4. Logical – When it comes to mathematics or science, logical learners are a natural fit for these fields. This is because they prefer using reasoning, logic, or systems. Patrick Dwyer of Merrill Lynch adds that logical learners are also most likely to be organized.
5. Physical – Physical or kinesthetic learners like to use their hands, body, or sense of touch when expressing themselves or trying to digest information. Patrick Dwyer of Merrill Lynch points out that the mere act of taking down notes is physical and can be a powerful learning tool for these students.
6. Social – The social learner best responds when surrounded by a group. Aside from the teacher, he/she may also learn from his/her peers. The interpersonal dimension of this learning style may cause the student to engage in all sorts of extracurricular activities.
7. Solitary – Finally, the solitary learner prefers to self-study, figuring things out on his/her own. The opposite of the social learner, the solitary learner is more independent, although this may sometimes come off as timidity. This is why Patrick Dwyer of Merrill Lynch reminds that it’s important to differentiate shyness from intrapersonal intelligence.